Signs of Fertility Problems in Women

will i have problems with my fertility
You can never tell if a woman has fertility problems just by looking at her. (image by h.koppdelaney, flickr)

How do you know if you have fertility problems? Many women wonder if they’ll be able to conceive a baby. Here are the most common signs of fertility problems.

The first and most obvious sign of a fertility problem is the lack of ability to get pregnant. But, how do you know that you can’t get pregnant unless you’re actively trying to conceive?

The short answer is that you often can’t (unless there are obvious signs of infertility).

The longer answer is that if you want to get pregnant in the future, you need to do everything you can now to reduce the chances you’ll have fertility problems. Read Taking Charge of Your Fertility: The Definitive Guide to Natural Birth Control, Pregnancy Achievement, and Reproductive Health – it’s one of the most popular books on male and female fertility.

Signs of Possible Fertility Problems for Women

Pain during sex

Painful sex doesn’t necessarily lead to fertility problems – it depends on the reasons for the pain. Endometriosis can be problematic if you want to get pregnant. To learn more, read Endometriosis and Infertility – How a Pelvic Disorder Affects Pregnancy.

If you suffer from pain during intercourse, see your family doctor or gynecologist. You need to determine the cause of the pain, so you can learn if it’s a threat to your fertility. Sometimes women have emotional or psychological reasons for painful sex, which may not affect their fertility levels.

Irregular periods (or no periods at all)

If you’re not getting your period regularly – or if you don’t get a period of all – then you may have fertility problems.

The most common cause of infrequent periods is polycystic ovaries. About 10% of women are affected by this common health condition, which causes very small (less than 1 cm) cysts on the ovaries. It’s associated with a hormone imbalance.

Fertility Products

To learn more, read How to Get Regular Periods – Tips for Regulating Your Cycle Naturally.

Pain during your period

Fibroids, yeast or other infections, pelvic inflammatory diseases, and endometriosis can cause pain during menstruation. Is this a sign of fertility problems? Again, it depends on the reason for the pain. I have fibroids that don’t cause painful menstrual cramps. However, my fertility doctor said I should have them removed before trying in vitro fertilization.

If you experience painful cramps or abdominal pain during your period, go see a gynecologist. It’s really important to take care of your body as soon as you notice things going “wrong” – before they get worse! A minor fertility issue can grow into a serious problem if it’s not taken care of.

Sexually transmitted diseases

STDs or sexually transmitted diseases cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which is an infection of the uterus (womb), fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus) and other reproductive organs. Symptoms of PID include lower abdominal pain.

STDs such as gonorrhea or chlamydia can cause fertility problems in women and men. In women, the problem comes from scar tissue buildup that affects your ability to get pregnant.

To learn more about STDs and fertility in women, read Will Scar Tissue From STDs Stop You From Getting Pregnant?

Whether or not you have these signs of fertility problems, you need to take care of your body if you want to get pregnant one day! Even if you aren’t sure you want to have a baby in the future, you need to take care of your health. A healthy woman is a happy woman.

Common Reasons Women Can’t Get Pregnant

  • Age – fertility decreases after age 30, decreases more after 35, and more or less plummets after age 40.
  • Underweight or overweight – women with Body Mass Indexes (BMIs) over 30 and under 20 are less likely to get pregnant. Ideal BMI is between 20 and 30.
  • Fibroids or endometriosis – can make getting pregnant difficult, depending on how advanced the disease is.
  • Hormonal changes – some health problems cause hormonal changes that block pregnancy or cause fertility problems.
  • Miscarriages – the more miscarriages a woman has, the less likely she may be to get pregnant.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases – can affect a woman’s reproductive system.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease – can cause problems with getting pregnant.

If you know of other common signs of fertility problems in women, please let me know below.


If you do want to get pregnant one day, read How to Prepare Your Body for Pregnancy. It’s never too early!

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