Abnormal sperm has a direct effect on pregnancy rates. Here’s an overview of how azoospermia, oligospermia, and asthenospermia and other sperm health problems affect pregnancy. Low sperm count is one of the main causes of fertility issues in couples experiencing difficulty when trying to get pregnant.
A SpermCheck Fertility Home Sperm Test is an easy-to-use at-home test for determining the concentration of sperm in semen. You’ll know within minutes whether your sperm count is within the normal range. A positive result on this semen test indicates that your sperm count is above 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen. A negative result indicates that the count is below the 20 million sperm per milliliter threshold, and further testing by your doctor may be warranted.
Male fertility problems or infertility accounts for about 35% of conception difficulties, female infertility accounts for 35%, and unexplained infertility accounts for the rest. Compared to female fertility issues, it’s a bit easier to determine if sperm problems are causing problems with pregnacy. Sperm are relatively easy to spot and count — with a microscope, of course!
If you think male infertility could be causing problems and you’re not up to talking to the doctor about it, consider taking a home sperm fertility test.
Abnormal Sperm – Azoospermia, Oligospermia, and Asthenospermia
Sperm health includes number of sperm, sperm motility (movement), and morphology (shape and size).
What is Azoospermia?
Azoospermia is the complete absence of sperm in a semen sample, due to a failure in sperm production or a physical obstruction. If an obstruction is causing the sperm problem (obstructive azoospermia), it may be treated in some cases with surgical procedures. If a spermanalysis or a sperm test indicates azoospermia, your doctor will likely pursue follow up tests to determine the cause.
The causes of no sperm or azoospermia could be genetic, lifestyle, illness, or even prescription medications.
What is Oligospermia?
Oligospermia is low sperm count – too few sperm are present in a sample. The World Health Organization has standardized “20 million sperm per/mL” as the threshold for a “normal” or “healthy” sperm count. Depending on how low the sperm count is, oligospermia can in some cases be treated by scheduling intercourse.
You could try to get pregnant by using both ovulation prediction and ensuring sufficient time has passed between intercourse sessions, so sperm counts have time to build up. You could also try dietary and health changes and supplements.
What is Asthenospermia?
Asthenospermia is related to sperm motility or the ability of sperm to move in a normal, progressive fashion. Sperm motility is the “swimming” motion required by sperm to make it to, and fertilize, the ovum. If sperm can’t swim to or penetrate the eggs, they’re “problem sperm.”
If you’re worried about your sperm – or if you already know you have abnormal sperm – read 5 Foods to Increase Sperm Count, Production, and Motility. Food affects your sperm, but may not treat abnormal sperm problems.
What is Abnormal Sperm Morphology?
Abnormal Morphology relates to the formation of sperm, the shape and form of sperm. Sperm should exhibit normal morphological structure, which means that they need to be normally shaped before they can be fully effective.
If you think you’re not getting pregnant because of male fertility issues, talk to your doctor or health care provider about getting a fertility checkup – including a sperm analysis.
For more info on abnormal sperm, read How to Solve Male Fertility Problems, Such as Low Sperm Count.
Abnormal Versus Normal Sperm Health – From the Mayo Clinic
“Normal sperm have an oval head with a long tail. Abnormal sperm have head or tail defects — such as a large or misshapen head or a crooked or double tail. These defects may affect the ability of the sperm to reach and penetrate an egg.
However, having a large percentage of misshapen sperm isn’t uncommon — and it won’t necessarily keep a man from getting his partner pregnant. In fact, a sperm sample isn’t considered out of the normal range unless most of the sperm are abnormally shaped. If pregnancy does occur, having abnormal sperm morphology doesn’t increase the risk of having a child with birth defects.
In addition to sperm shape, a sperm analysis also checks the sperm’s ability to move (motility) and the number of sperm present (sperm count). Motility problems and a low sperm count commonly occur along with abnormal sperm morphology, and can also affect male fertility.” ~ from What Does Abnormal Sperm Morphology Mean?
To learn more about sperm problems and improving sperm health, read How to Increase Low Sperm Count.
I welcome your thoughts on abnormal sperm count, azoospermia, oligospermia, and asthenospermia. I can’t offer advice or medical counseling, but you may find it helpful to share your experience.
FertilAid for Men is a supplement designed to help promote male fertility and improve sperm health. If you’re concerned about male fertility, the supplement might help.